28th Jul - 11th Aug , 2017
Project designer and main idea : Hirbod Hemmat Azad
Art director and curator : Amin Shahed
Mohammad Ali Famori
Majid Kourang Beheshti
Evolution means transformation in the congenital phenotypic characteristics taking place in natural populations in the course of time. What matters is the way in which genetic diversity forms. This is either supplied by other populations or from within a population with different mechanism called "mutation".
- generalizing the theory of evolution from biological and sociological fields to artistic ones,
- representing approaches of the evolution theory, and
- visualizing the turning points and the horizons of this event from the past to the future, something beyond the modulus of the engaged scientists
Because the general concept of universe is not outside the human perspective or the human environment, referring such concept to the subjective and/or objective aspects would only be acceptable through the artists’ point of view. Still, imagining and exhibiting such event seems to be fruitless and complicated, rather than impossible. For, this concept is far greater than it actually looks. In the process of creating the final production and the resulted phenomena, the event or happening seems to be more practical regarding such event at the back of the mind, which in turn, includes all individual and social events and approaches of the past, present and future.
Practicing such definition in a visual language that could be displayed in public would of course be a hardship, but is not impossible. The final product, might be an evolution by itself, or in other words, influential for the evolution.
Mohammad Ali Famori
Evolution means that all living creatures, with their diversity, have come into being from a single or common ancestor. The manifestation of this association or similarity could be traced and seen, from pre-historic times up to the present, in every aspect of humans' complex mental course and his visual conception.
Man's iris (eye) restores a 14-billion-year experience of the universe image in itself. It seems as if it has observed all these images in the past and identifies, evaluates and judges all the man-made artifacts on the basis of this visualization which is held in its genetics. In all the present pictures, we regard eye as a living, independent and capable creature looking into the similarities and common features of everyday life by its genetic memories.
Venera-9 landed on the surface of the Venus in October 22nd, 1957. Its mission lasted for 53 minutes on that planet. It sent the first photos of the planet surface to the Earth during that time. The photos taken from the hottest planet in the Solar System not only were not bizarre, but they conveyed the image of a familiar texture like that of a light shined on velvet or the mixture of colors into each other before the eyes of viewers. It was as familiar and tangible for the viewer as the image of the Earth.
One of the first references to the Lake Urmia is an inscription dating back to the 9th century BC.
Experts claim that if this lake becomes dry, the mild climate of the area will become hot with salt winds. This will change the ecosystem of that region too. In addition to salt, much of the pollution including poisonous metals used in industry as well as other poisonous materials used in agriculture will penetrate the surface water and the related water under the surface. If the lake becomes dry, much of the aerobic poisonous materials and particles as well as respiratory diseases will develop. Nevertheless, no serious action has been taken till now to save the lake. Experts believe that the danger of dryness will affect and threaten an area within a 500-km radius.
According to the list of the biological variety of the Lake Urmia National Park presented in 2014 and 2016, this park includes 62 species of bacteria and arqueobacteria, 42 species of microfungi, 20 species of algae, 311 species of plants, 5 species of Mollusca, 226 species of birds, 27 species of reptiles and amphibian, and 24 species of mammals. Furthermore, at least 47 fossils have been discovered. This ecosystem has been internationally registered as a region under protection. With 100 small rocky islands, the lake is the house of birds such as flamingos, pelicans, spoonbills, ibises, cranes, shelducks, avocets, stilts, laridaes, etc.
About two works
The two works presented are about a potential danger having been depicted with some imagination. It is a dreadful and serious accident which is related to an environmental crisis. It is an accident which has made the situation of the Lake Urmia worse as a result of lack of humans' interactions. It can even lead to a catastrophic disaster if continues.
Here the important matter is the relationship between the body and the lake. It is a mutual relation which has been present for centuries to the point that each one has played a role in the development and survival of the other. Despite its bitter and salty existence and influence, the lake has made the body fresh while the body has given it identity. But now what has remained of this relationship has neither freshness nor identity. The wounded, deformed and worn out bodies on an environment being transformed into a dry desert are indicative of a horrible happening that can make many bodies be wounded and wear out if it does not stop. Such bodies are waiting to have the experience of a new life and soul in the meaning of being body.
The above-mentioned information is just a part of that about environmental changes in the Lake Urmia. It can inevitably lead to the transformation of life conditions of the society living around.
Lacus Matianus is the equivalent for the Lake Urmia in Armenian.
Majid kourang Beheshti
During the trend of visual representation of evolution and the generalization of this experience from the world of theories and natural rules towards concepts of social and cultural evolution of humankind, the component of time and understanding the concept of time experience in which this process takes place appears as an abyss to me.
That's the demarcation line of the established signs up to the establishment of the replaced system of signs; a feeling of suspense in the air; the experience of a simultaneous realization of the sky's lightness and the earth's heaviness.
Today the way of living is mostly in the hands of events rather than beliefs. Such events have never constituted the basis of those beliefs. In this condition artistic activities can't be confined to a certain art framework. This is the confirmation of well-known sayings being shot to fame as a result of the fruitless satiation in art media (literature, painting, sculpture, etc.).
The presence of beliefs in the different aspects of social life is as important as oil for a mechanical machine: nobody ascends a turbine to pour the oil all over it, but it is only necessary to drip a few drops between grooves and hidden openings that we know the place of.
Throwing coins in water in order to fulfill one's expectations is a tradition that has been common not only among the Iranian but also in other countries. Having always been transformed from one period to another and from one country to another, these coins can somehow represent the concept of evolution. But this diversity does not necessarily traverse along an evolutionary horizon. It seems as if only the reality remained from people is the essence of their aspiration.